Courcoulas and coauthors investigated 3-year change in weight and select health parameters among 2458 participants who underwent first-time bariatric surgical procedures as part of routine clinical care by surgeons in 10 US hospitals. In an Editorial, Ikramuddin and Livingston discuss the role of bariatric surgery in the management of obesity.
In this exploratory analysis of lung transplant registry data since implementation of a medical need–based organ allocation system, double-lung transplantation was associated with better graft survival than single-lung transplantation in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis but not in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
This Viewpoint from the National Academy of Medicine’s 2016 Vital Directions initiative proposes health infrastructure and policy changes to improve care for high-need, high-cost patients.
This Viewpoint discusses creation of a US evaluation system for health technology that could quickly identify problematic devices, accurately and transparently characterize and disseminate information about device performance in clinical practice, and efficiently generate data to support premarket clearance or approval of new devices and new uses of currently marketed devices.