This cohort study uses Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project data to compare mortality and health services use among patients hospitalized during an initial emergency department (ED) visit vs those discharged from the ED and hospitalized during a second unscheduled visit.
This study investigates associations between the presence of medical students in the emergency department and patient length of stay at 3 urban academic hospitals in the United States.
Osborne and coauthors evaluate the association of enrollment and participation in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program with outcomes and Medicare payments compared with control hospitals that did not participate in the program.
This cross-sectional study of survey data from a sample of US emergency departments reports that visits involving both resident and attending physicians used more hospital resources than attending-only visits.
Amrein and coauthors investigate among 492 patients in Austria with vitamin D deficiency whether a vitamin D3 treatment regimen intended to quickly restore and maintain normal vitamin D status over 6 months is of health benefit for patients who are critically ill.
Iranmanesh and colleagues assess surgical treatment options for patients at intermediate risk of a common duct stone in a randomized clinical trial and 6-month follow-up of 100 patients in a Geneva, Switzerland hospital, June 2011-February 2013.
In a matched retrospective trial involving older patients with a hip fracture, Neuman and coauthors found that regional anesthesia compared with general anesthesia was not associated with a lower 30-day mortality rate.
Pearse and coauthors conducted a randomized trial of 734 high-risk patients undergoing gastrointestinal surgery to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of a perioperative, cardiac output–guided hemodynamic therapy algorithm; an updated systematic review and meta-analysis were also conducted. Bennett-Guerrero comments in an editorial.