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  • Black Gains in Life Expectancy

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    JAMA. 2016; doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.14398

    This Viewpoint discusses the narrowing life-expectancy gap between the US black and white populations and points out categories of disease and death that could further narrow the gap.

  • HIV/AIDS in 2016 and Beyond

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    JAMA. 2016; 316(11):1139-1140. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.12059

    This Medical News feature discusses the progress and challenges in HIV/AIDS treatement and research highlighted by the 2016 International AIDS conference in Durban, South Africa.

  • The Potential to Advance Health Care in the US Criminal Justice System

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    JAMA. 2016; 316(4):387-388. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.7651

    This Viewpoint discusses potential opportunities to advance health care in the US criminal justice system based on recent developments.

  • Effect of Patient Navigation With or Without Financial Incentives on Viral Suppression Among Hospitalized Patients With HIV Infection and Substance Use: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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    JAMA. 2016; 316(2):156-170. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.8914

    This randomized clinical trial compares the effect of patient navigation (care coordination) with or without financial incentives with usual care on viral suppression and death among hospitalized patients with HIV infection and substance use.

  • Antiretroviral Drugs for Treatment and Prevention of HIV Infection in Adults: 2016 Recommendations of the International Antiviral Society–USA Panel

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    JAMA. 2016; 316(2):191-210. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.8900

    This statement from the International Antiviral Society–USA updates recommendations for the use of antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) to treat adults with established HIV infection and to prevent HIV infection among persons at risk of infection.

  • Association of Medical Male Circumcision and Antiretroviral Therapy Scale-up With Community HIV Incidence in Rakai, Uganda

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    JAMA. 2016; 316(2):182-190. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.7292

    This community survey study describes trends in male medical circumcision vs use of antiretrovial therapy, and associations of each with HIV incidence before and after a program to increase uptake of circumcision and ART to prevent HIV.

  • Antiretrovirals for HIV Treatment and Prevention: The Challenges of Success

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    JAMA. 2016; 316(2):151-153. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.8902
  • Reaching High-Risk Patients for HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis

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    JAMA. 2016; 316(2):211-212. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.9128

    This commentary discusses a cohort study published in JAMA Internal Medicine that investigated adherence, sexual behaviors, and incidence of HIV acquisition among patients initiating preexposure prophylaxis.

  • HIV Screening

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    JAMA. 2016; 316(2):213-214. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.2661

    This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the US Preventive Services Task Force’s 2013 recommendation statement on screening for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.

  • Genvoya: A New 4-Drug Combination for HIV

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    JAMA. 2016; 316(2):215-216. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.5945

    This Medical Letter review summarizes a newly approved 4-drug combination comprising elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir for treatment of HIV infection in individuals older than 12 years.

  • An HIV Vaccine: Mapping Uncharted Territory

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    JAMA. 2016; 316(2):143-144. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.7538

    In this Viewpoint, Anthony Fauci summarizes progress to date in efforts to develop an HIV vaccine that induces broadly neutralizing antibodies to neutralize the range of HIV variants that emerge from rapid mutations.

  • Marking Time in the Global HIV/AIDS Pandemic

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    JAMA. 2016; 316(2):145-146. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.9006

    This Viewpoint reviews the HIV/AIDS pandemic through the lens of International AIDS Society conferences held since 1985.

  • Visions for an AIDS-Free Generation: Red Ribbons of Hope

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    JAMA. 2016; 316(2):154-155. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.9436
  • Focus on HIV in West and Central African Countries

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    JAMA. 2016; 315(23):2513-2513. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.7505
  • Screening for Syphilis Infection in Nonpregnant Adults and Adolescents: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

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    JAMA. 2016; 315(21):2321-2327. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.5824

    This Recommendation Statement from the US Preventive Services Task Force recommends screening for syphilis infection in people at increased risk for infection, including men who have sex with men and persons living with HIV.

  • Vaginal Ring Provides Modest Protection Against HIV

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    JAMA. 2016; 315(15):1554-1554. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.3910
  • Disproportionate HIV Care

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    JAMA. 2016; 315(12):1221-1221. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.2367
  • Herbal Medications

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    JAMA. 2016; 315(10):1068-1068. doi: 10.1001/jama.2015.19388
  • Screening Yield of HIV Antigen/Antibody Combination and Pooled HIV RNA Testing for Acute HIV Infection in a High-Prevalence Population

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    JAMA. 2016; 315(7):682-690. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.0286

    This study compares the ability of an HIV antigen/antibody combination assay to detect acute HIV infection vs pooled HIV RNA testing in patients with a negative result for the rapid HIV test.

  • Blood Donor Ban Is Eliminated

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    JAMA. 2016; 315(7):648-648. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.0467