This commentary discusses the implications of an epidemiological study published in JAMA Psychiatry that investigated the prevalence, psychiatric comorbidity, and treatment of alcohol use disorders.
Saitz and coauthors tested the efficacy of 2 brief interventions among 528 adults with unhealthy drug use identified by screening in primary care. They compared a brief negotiated interview and an intervention based on motivational interviewing with no brief intervention. In an Editorial, Hingson and Compton discuss the importance of exploring drug use with patients in primary care.
In a multisite randomized trial that screened 5135 students aged 17 to 24 years, Kypri and colleagues evaluate a national web-based alcohol screening and brief intervention program.
Warner and coauthors conducted a retrospective cohort study of 44 612 physicians in anesthesiology residency programs to describe the incidence and outcomes of substance use disorder among a subset of US physicians.
Saitz and coauthors conducted a randomized trial among 563 people with alcohol and other drug dependence to investigate whether chronic care management improves substance use outcomes compared with usual primary care. O’Connor comments in an editorial.
Foa and coauthors report on concurrent naltrexone and prolonged exposure therapy for patients with comorbid alcohol dependence and posttraumatic stress disorder. In an accompanying Editorial, Mills discusses treatment of comorbid substance dependence and posttraumatic stress disorder.
LeardMann and coauthors identify and quantify suicide risk factors in a prospective longitudinal study of 151 560 current and former US military personnel. In an Editorial, Engel discusses the study findings and how the military health system studies and evaluates clinical interventions and programs.